Source: A-Pro® Home Inspection Service since 1994
A Home inspection can vary depending on the type of home you are considering. In any case, the home inspector should describe all systems and visually inspect each system and component to make sure it’s functioning correctly at the time of inspection. The following is a basic outline of the systems and components a home inspector should inspect. You can also use this as a buyer or seller checklist to help you evaluate properties you are considering selling or purchasing.
FOUNDATION: The foundation is the most critical element of a house as it carries the load of all other systems and components. A level foundation is necessary because if the foundation is not level the problems will only get worse compounding other defects over time. Therefore, the home inspector should perform a foundation level survey to make sure the foundation is within ordinarily acceptable tolerances for a home of its age and location.
STRUCTURE: A home’s fixed structures of wood, brick, or other material should be airtight to shield weather and others elements from penetrating the interior as well as hold up to gravity and movement of the earth. Structural components and the framing, should be inspected by the Home Inspector for proper installation and note if any modifications and or defects are visible.
ROOFING: A roof should protect a home from moisture intrusion caused by rain, snow and inclement weather. The home inspector should inspect the overall roof’s condition, the skylight, if applicable, and chimneys. The home inspector should also note the roof’s approximate age, inspect all the flashing, drainage systems (inspect for evidence of ponding water), buckled, cracked or damaged shingles as well as the gutter systems and downspouts.
EXTERIOR: The home inspector should inspect all walkways, patios, decks, balconies, driveways, siding, porches, steps, windows, and doors. A home inspector will also inspect the siding and trim to make sure it is keeping the home weatherproof. Excess moisture in a home can lead to mold and water damage. The lot drainage is also essential and should drain water away from the foundation.
ELECTRICAL: The home inspector should check to make sure the electrical system is safe. He should inspect the condition of main service entrance wires, all service panels, breakers, fuses, and disconnects. Also inspect all outlets in each room to make sure they’re wired correctly and are functional.
HEATING: The inspector should inspect all of the home’s heating system(s), venting system, flues, and chimneys. The inspector should also note whether the size of the heating system(s) are adequate for the size of the house.
AIR CONDITIONING: The home inspector should inspect the home cooling system(s), the energy source, and inspect the central and through-wall system equipment. The age of the system(s) is essential as well since all systems have limited life-expectancy.
PLUMBING: The home inspector should inspect the home’s water supply and drainage systems, and fuel storage systems. The inspector will also inspect the water heater(s) to make sure they’re functioning properly as well as note the age and condition of the system(s). Drainage pumps and sump pumps should be inspected as well. Poor water pressure, banging pipes, rust, or corrosion can all be indicative of possible plumbing system problems.
INTERIORS: The home inspector should inspect, walls, ceilings, floors, Garage doors and garage door openers, steps, stairways, railings, countertops and cabinets. The interior home inspection can reveal plumbing leaks, moisture damage, insect damage, wood rot and much more.
VENTILATION/INSULATION: The home inspector should inspect for adequate insulation and ventilation in the attic and in unfinished areas such as basements and crawlspaces. Also, a home inspector should inspect for proper, insulation in walls wherever possible. Insulation should be appropriate for the areas climate.